Some questions to ask
- What information will be gathered to help choose the priority issue(s)?
- What evidence will be used to justify the choice of a priority issue, including marked differences in outcomes for particular groups?
- What determinants produce marked differences in outcomes (inequities) for particular groups?
- What resources and assets can help address the priority issue?
Some recommended actions
- __ Gather information to help choose the priority health/equity issue(s). Including:
- Existing data sources on community-level outcomes; look for where there are marked differences in outcomes for particular groups (e.g., related to race/ethnicity, income/poverty, gender, and/or where people live)
- Additional quantitative data (e.g., surveys, observation, small area analysis)
- Qualitative data (e.g., interviews, listening sessions, focus groups)
- __ State evidence justifying the choice of the priority issue or goal, including:
- Community-level indicators showing the size of the problem (e.g., rate of infant deaths)
- How frequently the problem (or related behavior) occurs (e.g., number of youth reporting alcohol use in the past 30 days)
- The marked differences in outcomes related to race/ethnicity, income/poverty, gender, and/or where people live
- __ Identify social determinants that produce marked differences in outcomes (inequities) for particular groups (e.g., related to race/ethnicity, income/poverty), including:
- Differential exposures and opportunities (e.g., to stress, support networks)
- Differential vulnerabilities and capabilities (e.g., education)
- Differential consequences (e.g., access to quality services, discrimination)
- __ Describe what relevant resources and assets are available, and how the group can use those resources to address the priority issue.
Examples of assessment
- Assessing community health issues and assets in Geary County
- Engaging Black mothers in assessing factors affecting health disparities in Lawrence-Douglas County
- Assessing Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy through survey and public discussion in Lawrence-Douglas County
Resources to help you assess
Tools from the Community Tool Box
Toolkit: Assessing Community Needs and Resources
Chapter 3: Assessing Community Needs and Resources
Tools from KDHE and other sources
KDHE Local Public Health Resources (see Community Health Assessment and Improvement)
KDHE Public Health Informatics
Kansas Information for Communities (KIC)
Data Resource Center for Child & Adolescent Health
KIDS Count Data Center (Annie E. Casey Foundation)
Early Childhood Needs and Resources Community Assessment Tool
Kansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System